Who is Jesus?
Jesus is the Lord.
Jesus is God the Son Incarnate, and he has been appointed by God to be both the promised Christ (Messiah) and Lord.
In Luke 1:26-38, one of the most well known passages of Scripture, we learn that the angel Gabriel was sent to Mary and revealed to her that she was highly favored, that the Lord was with her, and that she was blessed. Gabriel also revealed that Mary would have a child, that he shall be great, called the Son of the Highest, and that the throne of David would be given to him, and that he would reign forever and his kingdom would be everlasting. Mary believed the angel, but asked for clarity: “How?” Biological levelheadedness, that. So, the angel explained: the Spirit would come upon her, and the power of the Highest would overshadow her, and then she would conceive a child in her womb. The angel also told her that the child would be called the Son of God.
Before the angel left Mary he revealed to her that her cousin Elisabeth was also pregnant. Mary wouldn’t have known this because we are told earlier that Elisabeth conceived a child in her old age, and in awe of the grace of God she went into solitude. So, after the angel leaves, Mary went to visit Elisabeth, and, upon arriving, she greeted Elisabeth. When Elisabeth heard the greeting, the babe leaped in her womb, she was filled with the Spirit, and she began to prophesy (Luke 1:39-45).
Elisabeth was the first to reveal that Mary was already pregnant. In fact, Elisabeth called Mary’s child “my Lord.” Note: The same Spirit who filled David to prophesy in Psalm 110, and called the promised Christ and son of David “my Lord”, that Spirit centuries later filled Elisabeth to prophesy and call Mary’s child–the seed of David–“my Lord” (see Matthew 22:41-46). Elisabeth’s exclamation of blessing is the first messianic revelation regarding God the Son after his incarnation/conception. Mary is pregnant with the child, and the angel told her to call him “Jesus” — which means God is Salvation. When Mary went to visit Elisabeth the babe in her cousin’s womb leaped for joy and Elisabeth was filled with the Spirit and testified that the Messiah and Lord was present.
God has divinely appointed Mary’s son–the Christ-child that shall be great, and called the Son of the Highest and the Son of God–to be both Lord and Christ (Acts 2:36). As Lord of his people, Jesus delivers, saves, protects, preserves, governs, defends, and leads them by His Word and Spirit.
After the Resurrection, the God-man Jesus Christ ascended to Heaven (the place where God the Son had always been). The God-man, Jesus Christ our Lord, now sits at the right hand of God the Father: this position denotes the judicial power given to Jesus upon the completion of his mission to live, suffer, be slain, and raised the third day (Luke 9:22). God the Son had a mission in coming to earth and taking on human flesh as an instrument to save his people from their sins. When he fulfilled the mission, he accomplished salvation and redemption for the children of God.
Jesus has been appointed by God to be both Christ and Lord. As the Messianic prophecy foretold, “The LORD said unto my Lord, Sit thou at my right hand, until I make thine enemies thy footstool” (Psalm 110:1). Also, Psalm 2 describes the present administration and judicial power of the Lordship of Jesus Christ.
Why do the heathen rage, and the people imagine a vain thing? The kings of the earth set themselves, and the rulers take counsel together, against the LORD, and against his anointed, saying, Let us break their bands asunder, and cast away their cords from us. He that sitteth in the heavens shall laugh: the Lord shall have them in derision. Then shall he speak unto them in his wrath, and vex them in his sore displeasure. Yet have I set my king upon my holy hill of Zion. I will declare the decree: the LORD hath said unto me, Thou art my Son; this day have I begotten thee. Ask of me, and I shall give thee the heathen for thine inheritance, and the uttermost parts of the earth for thy possession. Thou shalt break them with a rod of iron; thou shalt dash them in pieces like a potter’s vessel. Be wise now therefore, O ye kings: be instructed, ye judges of the earth. Serve the LORD with fear, and rejoice with trembling. Kiss the Son, lest he be angry, and ye perish from the way, when his wrath is kindled but a little. Blessed are all they that put their trust in him.
God has ordained that all power be given to Jesus, for he is Lord. Because Jesus is Lord, we ought to willingly submit to him, and praise him.
Wherefore God also hath highly exalted him, and given him a name which is above every name. That at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, of things in heaven, and things in earth, and things under the earth; And taht every tongue should confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father (Philippians 2:9-11).
Jesus Christ our Lord is God the Son Incarnate. He was made of the seed of David according to the flesh, by the Spirit coming upon and God’s power overshadowing the virgin Mary. God declared through his resurrection from the dead that he is the Son of God (Romans 1:1-4).
In the Old Testament, this was the confession of God’s people: “The LORD our God is one LORD. And thou shalt love the LORD thy God with all thine heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy might” (Deuteronomy 6:4-5), i.e., YHWH is Lord. In the New Testament, the true God and one LORD further self-reveals himself through the salvation accomplished by Jesus Christ. Through Jesus we learn that God is Triune — Father, Son, and Holy Ghost. Therefore, we confess that Jesus Christ, who is God the Son Incarnate, is Lord! “The gift of God is eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord” (Romans 6:23b).
The Triune God has revealed himself and his justice and mercy in our salvation accomplished through Jesus Christ. God not only has revealed that God is our salvation–that Jesus has delivered us from sins and is the author of our salvation–but God has also revealed through Jesus Christ that the One True God is deeply personal and fellowships with his people. God is personal and fellowships with us in Jesus Christ our Lord.