Therefore we confess that, in order to fulfill the covenant promises of the ancient fathers and predicted by the mouth of the prophets (Is 7:14; Luke 1:31,35,55,70) the true, unique and eternal Son of God the Father (Rom 1:3; John 17:5; 16:28; Phil 2:6,7) took, at the time appointed by the Father, the form of a servant. Being conceived in the womb of the blessed Virgin Mary, by the power of the Holy Spirit, and without any operation of man (Matt 1:20; Luke 1:28,35), He took human nature with all its infirmities, sins excepted (Heb 4:15; 5:2). (Theodore Beza, The Christian Faith, 10).
Who is Jesus?
Jesus is the Messiah.
Christians believe in Jesus Christ. What does Christ mean? Is that Jesus’ last name? No. It is a title meaning Messiah. God had promised to send a Messiah to Israel, the “anointed one” who would deliver and save Israel. As Peter, a Jew, told Cornelius, a Roman Centurion, “God anointed Jesus of Nazareth with the Holy Ghost and power” (Acts 10:38).
Conceived By & Anointed With the Holy Ghost
In Luke 1:26-38, we are told that the Holy Ghost will come upon the virgin Mary, and that the power of the Highest will overshadow her and she will conceive a child in her womb. The verb “overshadow” in the Old Testament is associated with the manifestation of God’s special presence. The God-man is conceived in the womb of a virgin through the supernatural operation of the Spirit, thus, he will be called the Son of God. Jesus was conceived by the Spirit by Divine operation, but Jesus was also set apart by God for his earthly ministry when he was anointed with the Holy Ghost.
In Matthew 3:16-17 we read, “And he saw the Spirit of God descending like a dove, and lighting upon him: And lo a voice from heaven, saying, This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased.” After this, Jesus was led by the Spirit into the wilderness to be tempted by the devil. After withstanding temptation, Jesus embarked on his earthly ministry. “From that time Jesus began to preach, and to say, Repent: for the kingdom of heaven is at hand” (Matt. 4:17).
Anointed with Power
Anointed with the Holy Ghost, Jesus was anointed with power to not only withstand the temptation of the devil (Matt. 4:1-11), but also for “preaching the gospel of the kingdom, and healing all manner of sickness and all manner of disease among the people” (Matt. 4:23). That Jesus was anointed with Divine power was evident. It was so evident in fact, that even Nicodemus, who was a ruler among the Jews, came to Jesus at night and said, “Rabbi, we know that thou art a teacher come from God: for no man can do these miracles thou doest, except God be with him” (John 3:2).
Nicodemus was absolutely correct. God was with Jesus, and had divinely anointed Jesus to be the Redeemer. In the Old Testament, the divinely anointed prophets, priests, and kings were types and shadows of Jesus Christ: Jesus was divinely anointed to be (1) our prophet, to teach us about salvation, (2) our priest, to offer himself as the once-for-all sacrifice, as ransom to pay the price for our reconciliation and redemption, and (3) our king, who defends and governs us, and having delivered us leads us into the kingdom of God.
A Messiah Who Anoints His Disciples
After Jesus’ death and resurrection, he told his disciples that they were going to be anointed with the Holy Ghost and with power–Acts 1:8.
But ye shall receive power, after that the Holy Ghost is come upon you: and ye shall be witnesses unto me both in Jerusalem, and in all Judaea, and in Samaria, and unto the uttermost part of the earth.
Jesus is the Messiah–anointed with the Holy Ghost and with power. And this Messiah is the Redeemer of the children of God. Redeeming the children of God, this Messiah has anointed his disciples with the Holy Ghost and with power. Why? “Ye shall be witnesses unto me”–that’s why! We have been anointed to preach repentance and the gospel of the kingdom, “that through his name whosoever believeth in him shall receive remission of sins” (Acts 10:43).